Tuesday, December 07, 2010

Essay Questions for the Final

Okay, for those of you who choose to do the final as a paper, choose ONE of the following four prompts. ONLY DO ONE!
  • Paper should be  @ 8 pages, double spaced Times New Roman, Microsoft Word format
  • You MUST give proper citations for anything that is not your own thought, or else it will be considered plagiarism. Include a Bibliography, if necessary.
  • Please limit  your references to works of art and architecture that we have already discusssed in class. The point of this assignment is not to break new ground but to make connections and concretize what you have already learned.  
  • You may submit them to me online, BUT BE SURE TO MAIL THEM TO THIS ADDRESS: bethb@valleycovenant.org
  • Papers MUST be received by 1 pm, Dec. 16, 2010 in order to receive full credit.

1. Trace the impact of Greek art and thought on Western art and architecture from Rome through the 19th century, by discussing at least five specific examples in detail.

2. Discuss how Western art and architecture can be understood in terms of “ping- ponging” between the ideal and the real, the head and the heart, etc. (as presented in the class handout, “Two Aspects of being Human.”) Discuss at least five specific examples in detail.

3. The thought of the modern period (17th – 19th century) has been described as “the eclipse of God.” What is meant by this? Show how this “eclipse” was captured in Western art and architecture by discussing at least five specific works and/or buildings in detail. In your opinion, which period and style do you think most successfully exhibits the Christian worldview? Why?

4. Discuss the relations of paintings, sculpture and architecture to the Church, from the 1st-19th century, by analyzing at least five select works. In your opinion, has Christian worship been enriched or diminished by images? Why? Which period and style do you think most successfully captures the Christian worldview? Why?

Sunday, December 05, 2010

PREPARATION for TEST #6: Rococo, Neoclassical and Romantic Periods

Wednesday, we will have our last test before the final. It will cover

Chapter 16, The 18th Century: Recoco to Revolution

Chapter 17:  Romanticism
  • pp. 445- 449 The Concerns of Romanticism and The Intellectual Background;
  • pp. 458-468 Romantic Art
Chapter 16: Define/Explain

fetes galantes
"Crush the infamous!"("Ecrasez l'infame!")
"After me, the flood." ("Apres moi, le deluge.")
noble savage
Rational Humanism
enlightened despot
Declaration of the Rights of Man

CH. 16: Define/Explain

William Hogarth
Thomas Gainsborough
Joshua Reynolds
Jacques Louis David
John Locke
Denis Diderot
the Encyclopedie
Thomas Jefferson
Jean-Antoine Houdon

Chapter 17: Define/Explain

Kaspar David Friedrich

the sublime
the beautiful

Chapter 17 Identify:

Watteau's Return From Cythera
Watteau's Fete Galante
Boucher's Toilet of Venus
Boucher's Cupid a Captive
Tiepolo's The Immaculate Conception
Hogath's Marriage à la Mode.
David's Death of Marat
David's The Oath of the Horatii
Reynold's Three ladies Adorning a Term of Hymen
Houdon's Voltaire, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington

Pantheon, Paris.
La Madeleine, Paris

Goya's The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
Goya's Saturn Devouring one of his Sons
Goya's The Family of Charles IV
Goya's Execution of the Madrilenos
Gericault's The Raft of the Medusa
Delacroix's Dante and Virgil in Hell
Delacroix's Massacre at Chios
Delacroix's Death of Sardanapalas
Friedrich's The Wreck of the Hope
Friedrich's The Wanderer

Chapters 16-17:  Discuss:

1. What are the characteristics of Rococo art and architecture?
2. What are the characteristics of Neoclassical art and architecture? Give evidence of them in the various paintings above.
3. What are the characteristics of the Enlightenment?
4. How would you describe the spirit of revolutionary France?
5. What was the impact of Winkelman's discovery of Pompeii?
6. What are the characteristics of Romanticism? How are the evidenced in the paintings above?
7. Compare and contast Rococo art and architecture with  and Neoclassical art and architecture. 
8. Compare and contrast Neoclassical art and architecture with Romantic art and architecture.
9. What is the difference between art that is "beautiful" and art that is "sublime?"
10. Why would someone say that the thought, art and architecture of  the 18th-19th century is "like ping-pong?"

Thursday, December 02, 2010

Heirs of the Enlightenment....

Atheists Offer 'Reason's Greetings' in Marketing Blitz
With fewer Americans claiming organized religion, nonbelievers step up campaign
By Ambreen Ali, Newser User
Posted Nov 18, 2008 2:25 PM CST

(Newser) – It just isn’t the holiday season in America until nonbelievers and the devout begin sparring. This year, the godless are on the offensive, launching a marketing campaign to capitalize on the loosening grip of organized religion, telling neighbors, “We’re just like you,” the Wall Street Journal reports. Next month’s HumanLight celebration is intended as another milestone in their fight to enter America’s mainstream.

Conservative Christians scoff at the blitz, saying only 5% of Americans flatly deny God’s existence. The religious are countering this season’s nonbelievers campaign with their own—including billboards that ask, “Why do atheists hate America?” Yet the secular, who for the first time have a lobbyist in Washington, seem undeterred. “Step one is for people to know we’re not crazy,” says one.


For the inspiration of this sort of thing, see
The Cult of Reason
De-christianization of France during the French Revolution
Chapter 7, In Tune With the World: A Theory of Festivity  by Josef Pieper, Richard Winston
"Liberty, equality, festivity! - French Revolution - High Days and Holidays"

OPTIONAL ENRICHMENT: Virtual Tour of the Sistine Chapel

Take a virtual tour of the Sistine Chapel!

Almost better than being there because you can see all the paintings up close without straining your neck. TO VIEW EVERY PART OF THE MICHELANGELO'S MASTERPIECE JUST CLICK Sistine Chapel above, then DRAG the ARROW IN THE DIRECTION YOU WISH TO SEE.

In the low left, click on the plus (+) to move closer, on the minus (-) to move away. Choir is thrown in for free. Hold down the left clicker on your mouse to rotate the picture.


Wednesday, December 01, 2010

What to read for Chapter 17: The Romantic Era

Since we are only focusing on art and architecture in this class, you are only responsible to read the following pages for Chapter 17:
p. 445- 449
The Concerns of Romanticism
The Intellectual Background

p. 458- 468
Romantic Art

YOU DO NOT HAVE TO READ ANYTHING ELSE (but I hope you will want to sometime!)

As far as the online quizzes go, you only need to do:

Chapter 17 multiple choice: questions 1, 4, 5 and 7.
Chapter 17 true-false: question 2